Most of us probably know that the blue whale is the largest animal in the world but do you know which is the smallest animal? Animals come in all shapes and sizes and some are so small that they are not even visible to the human eye. So here is a list of tiny and wonderful creatures which are equally amazing as species which are huge in size.
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1) Paedocypris Fish:
Paedocypris is the smallest species of fish and arguably the smallest animal known to humans. They are also considered the smallest vertebrate in nature. Paedocypris are often found in the peat swamp forests in Sumatra, Indonesia. Paedocypris measure only 7.9mm in length which is roughly the size of a mosquito! Also, the swamps in which paedo cypris live has a pH level of around 2.9, which is basically equivalent to living in vinegar. These fishes can also survive extreme drought owing to their tiny size.
2) Monte Iberia Eleuth:
Monte Iberia Eleuth is the smallest frog in the Northern Hemisphere and it is found only in eastern parts of Cuba. Its body length is just about .39 inches which are basically equal to the size of a fingertip. Not much is established about Monte Iberia sleuth as they are difficult to spot in wild, low number of remaining animals and their ability to quickly jump away at the slightest hint of danger.
3) Slender Blind Snakes:
These are considered to be the world’s smallest snake with just 11cm (4.3 inches) body length which is not wider than spaghetti noodles. Slender blind snakes can live in various habitats from dry deserts and humid rainforests to rocky mountains. Due to its slender size, this species of snake looks like a moving thread or a string.
4) Etruscan Shrew:
These are tiny white-toothed creature having body weight around 1.2 to 2.7 gm and body length of 36 to 53mm. Amazingly, owing to very fast metabolism, the Etruscan shrew need to eat 1.5 to 2 times their body weight which means as many as 25 feedings! Etruscan shrew has a heart rate of 1511 beats per minute. They are found mainly in warm and damp areas of Eurasia.
5) Kitti’s Hog-Nosed Bat:
Kitti’s hog-nosed bat is as tiny as a bumblebee, thus, it is also known as bumblebee bat. Not only bumblebee bat is the smallest bat in the world, but it is also the smallest mammal in the world. The length of this tiny bat is about 30-40mm (1.1 to 1.6 inches) and its body weight is just around 2 grammes. Yes, this bat has the same size as a bumblebee but it also has a pig-like snout.They are generally found in limestone caves in forested areas near rivers in Thailand and Burma.
6) Bee Hummingbird:
Bee Hummingbird is the smallest living bird in the world and is mostly found in Cuba. It is also the smallest warm-blooded vertebrate. In terms of length, these are just about 5.7cm long and weigh just about 1.8 gramme. Imagine how small their eggs would be given their tiny size. The body of a bee hummingbird is bright in colours making it look like a floating jewel.
7) Speckled Padloper Tortoise:
Speckle padloper tortoise is the world’s smallest tortoise and is found only in South Africa and its adjacent regions. Like its name suggest, this tiny tortoise has a speckled appearance. The male speckled padloper tortoise measures up to 8 cm in length while the females measure up to 10 cm in length. The shell length of this tortoise can be up to 4 inches.
8) Mouse Lemur:
Mouse lemurs are the smallest known primate in nature. These are native to the island of Madagascar. Mouse lemur has an average body weight of around 40 grammes and a body length of 10 cm or 4 inches. Mouse lemurs are nocturnal and are extremely difficult to locate. Mouse lemur can be seen at Kirindy Mitea National Park in Western Madagascar.
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9) Pygmy Marmoset:
Also known as the dwarf monkey, the pygmy marmoset is the world’s smallest monkey. Pygmy marmosets live in dense, tropical rainforests of Brazil, Peru, Columbia and Ecuador. Generally, pygmy marmoset reaches 15 to 18 cm (5.5 to 6.5 inches) in body length, not including the tail. Its weight is only about 100 grammes and at the time of birth, they weigh just 15 grammes.
10) Royal Antelope:
Royal Antelope is recognised as the world’s smallest antelope. It is found in dense forest areas of West African countries such as Guinea, Liberia, Ghana and Sierra Leone. Royal Antelope weighs just 3 kg and its maximum height can be 25 cm (10 inches). They generally survive on leaves, flowers and fruits and are mostly active at night time.